Hittite Empire

Hittite Empire

Hittite Empire

Hittite power waned in the Middle Kingdom at the beginning of the Late Bronze Age until the New Kingdom was establiched by KingTudhaliya I/II who, allied with Kizzuwatna and with assistance from Middle Kingdom Assyria, vanquished the Mitannian state of Aleppo and then expanded to the west at the expense of Arzawa (a Luwian state).

AfterTudhaliya's reign a period of weakness followed until Suppiluliuma I restored and extended Hittite power, again defeating the Mitannian state of Aleppo and other cities in Syria such as Carchemish.

Mursilis II campaigned in the west against Arzawa and Ahhiyawa so that by c.1300 BCE the Hittites were competing with New Kingdom Egypt for control of Syria and Canaan in the south. This came to a head when the Hittite army and their allies under Muwatalli II clashed with the New Kingdom Egyptians, under Ramesses II, at the famous Battle of Kadesh in c.1274 BCE.

After this date Hittite power began to decline due to the expanding Assyrian Middle Kingdom. Tudhaliya IV lost territory to them and was defeated at the Battle of Nihiriya. He did manage, however, to conquer Cyprus though it was subsequently lost afterwards to the Assyrians. The last Hittite King, Suppiluliuma II, did win a naval battle against Alashiya off the coast of Cyprus but the Assyrians by this time had annexed much of Hittite territory in Asia Minor and Syria, hastening their demise.

The Hittite Empire was eventually destroyed by the Sea Peoples and Gasgan invasions at the end of the Late Bronze Age. Also, from the west came the Phrygians or Mushki, who filled the void in central Anatolia; whilst in the east the start of the Iron Age saw the rise of the Urartians.

The Hittite Empire incorporated the nations of Anatolia and Syria and hence included a diverse number of peoples.

The figures can be suitably used for other central Anatolians, and the Gasgans or Kaska from northern Anatolia, by using Later Highlander Warriors II. Use Later Highlanders I for eastern Anatolian or Taurus Highlanders.

For Hittite Archers use a combination of the Later Levy Archers, which have a Syrian style of dress; and Later Highlander Archers, which have a more Anatolian look.

Some figures can also be used for armies of the Luwian States of Western Anatolia such as Arzawa and Pitassa, though for the western Anatolians such as Wilusa (possibly Trojans) and Ahhiyawa (possibly Achaeans), figures from the Achaeans and Sea Peoples ranges will be more suitable.

South Western Anatolians, such as the Lukka, were part of the Sea Peoples confederation that infiltrated further into the Near East at the end of the Late Bronze Age. They fought as allies for both the Hittites and the western Anatolians such as the Trojans. They will form part of the Sea Peoples range of figures. It is now reasonably established that the Sea Peoples were just in fact a confederation of Achaeans.

The New Kingdom Hittites of the Late Bronze Age were influenced culturally by the Syrians, from where many of their allies came. The infantry figures from the Syrian & Canaanite list are therefore also included in this list, though for the allied Syrian and Ugaritic Chariots the Syrian & Canaanite Army category needs to be consulted.

The later Hittite 3-man chariots are included in this army, which differ from the earlier lighter chariots. Both styles of chariots were, however, used in in the Empire period, both by Hittites and other Anatolians.

 


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Hittite Spearmen

Product no.: EMB40

8 Hittite or other central Anatolian Spearmen with long-thrusting spear, no shield
£12.00 / pack(s)

Hittite Spearmen with shield

Product no.: LBA01

8 Infantry with Light Spear, Sword and Shield

£12.00 / pack(s)

Hittite Light Chariot I

Product no.: LBA13

2-horse, 2 man Light Chariot with Driver, Archer and Spearman

£12.00 / pack(s)

Hittite Light Chariot II

Product no.: LBA14

2-horse, 2 man Light Chariot with Driver, Archer and Spearman

£12.00 / pack(s)

Hittite Light Chariot III

Product no.: LBA15

2-horse, 2-man Light Chariot with Driver, Archer and Commander


£12.00 / pack(s)

Later Highlander Warriors II

Product no.: EMB20

8 Anatolian Highlander Warriors with mixed weapons including Axe, Spear & Shield


£12.00 / pack(s)

Hittite Javelinmen

Product no.: LBA02

8 Hittite or other Anatolian Highlander Javelinmen

£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Hittite Heavy Chariot I

Product no.: LBA16

Hittite & other Anatolian 2-horse Chariot with a 3-man crew

£12.00 / pack(s)

Hittite Heavy Chariot II

Product no.: LBA17

Hittite & other Anatolian 2-horse Chariot with a 3-man crew

£12.00 / pack(s)

Hittite Heavy Chariot III

Product no.: LBA18

Hittite & other Anatolian 2-Horse Chariot with 3 man crew of Driver, Archer and Spearman

£12.00 / pack(s)

Later Levy Javelinmen I

Product no.: LBA04

8 Levy or Nomadic shieldless Javelinmen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Later Levy Javelinmen II

Product no.: LBA05

8 Hupshu Levy, Desert Nomad, early Hebrew or Sea People shieldless Javelinmen

£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Levy Slingers

Product no.: EMB05

8 Levy or Nomadic Slingers
£12.00 / pack(s)

Later Levy Archers

Product no.: LBA03

8 Levy or Nomadic Archers
£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Spearmen I

Product no.: LBA06

8 Levy Infantry with light Spear and Shield


£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Spearmen II

Product no.: LBA07

8 Levy Infantry with light Spear and Shield
£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Later Highlander Archers

Product no.: EMB18

8 Later Highlander Archers
£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Hittite Command

Product no.: LBA36

Hittite Command pack containing 2 Commanders, 1 Standard Bearer and 1 Musician

£6.00 / pack(s)

Hittite or Anatolian Light Chariots

Product no.: BAL09

6 Hittite or Anatolian 2-man 2-Horse chariots with options for Archers, Spearmen and a Commander

£60.00 / pack(s)

Hittite or Anatolian Heavy Chariots

Product no.: BAL10

6 Hittite or Anatolian 2 armoured horse Heavy Chariots with 3-man crew
£60.00 / pack(s)