Sumerian & Early Syrian City-States

Sumerian & Early Syrian City-States

Sumerian & Early Syrian City-States

The term "Sumerian" was given to the ancient non-Semitic inhabitants of Mesopotomia by the Semitic Akkadians who lived to the north of the southern Sumerian cities between the Rivers Euphrates and Tigris.

The period of these armies begin in c.3000 BCE, at the start of the Early Bronze Age Dynastic period, and ends in c.2300 BCE when the classical Sumerian city-states were conquered by the Akkadian Empire.

This is the beginning period of the warring city-states between such cities as Uruk, Ur, Lagash, Umma, Larsa, Eridu & Kish in Sumer, and Mari & Ebla in Syria.

The first King as evidenced by archaeology is Enmebaragezi of Kish, whose name is also mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh, which suggests that Gilgamesh himself might have been a real historical King of Uruk.The period saw the emergence of walled cities as conflict between the city-states intensified. 

The Dynasty of Lagash, founded by Eannatum c.2500 - c.2270 BCE annexed most of Sumer, including Kish, Uruk, Ur and Larsa; and reduced even its arch-rival, Umma, to a tribute state. The "Stele of Vultures" depicts the supremacy of the Lagash Dynasty of Eannatum.

After the collapse of Lagash the next city-state to dominate the region was that of Umma, under King Lugal-Zage-Si, who conquered Uruk, made it the capital and claimed an empire from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean. He was the last ethnically Sumerian King before the Semitic, Sargon of Akkad conquered the region. 

Shown above is an extract from the "Battle Standard of Ur" which depicts early Sumerian Spearmen and Battle Wagons c. 2500 BCE.

Armies of the warring city-states period were composed of a core force of long-spearmen with the front rank either with shields, or as shown at Ur, wearing a thick cloak with copper studs for protection. Elite or Guard troops with 2-handed axes would also be present in battles along with a small number of 4-equid Battle Wagons that would perhaps be used to pursue the enemy once the spearmen and close order archers had broken the centre. Skirmishers carrying a light bow, javelin or sling would also have been used on the flanks of the battle-line or in rough terrain.

Early Syrian city-state armies (Mari and Ebla) were composed of regular troops, as in Sumer, but also an increasing number of Nomadic Martu or Amorite elements. Use the Levy Javelinmen, Levy Archers, Levy Slingers and Amorite Levy Infantry for the Nomadic irregulars in Early Syrian armies.


Display per page
Sort by

Early City-State Spearmen I

Product no.: EMB26

8 Early Sumerian or early Syrian Spearmen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Early City-State Spearmen II

Product no.: EMB27

8 Early Sumerian, early Syrian or early Elamite Spearmen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Early City-State Spearmen with Shield

Product no.: EMB28

8 Sumerian, early Syrian or early Elamite Spearmen with Shield
£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Early Household Archers

Product no.: EMB25

8 Early Regular Household or Militia Archers
£12.00 / pack(s)

Early Household Axemen

Product no.: EMB24

8 Early City-State Household 2-handed Axemen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Early Levy Javelinmen

Product no.: EMB22

8 Early Bronze Age Javelin Skirmishers

£12.00 / pack(s)

Early Levy Slingers

Product no.: EMB23

8 Early Bronze Age Levy Slingers
£12.00 / pack(s)

Early Levy Archers

Product no.: EMB21

8 Early Bronze Age Levy Archers
£12.00 / pack(s)

Early Bronze Command

Product no.: EMB32

5 Foot Commanders, 2 Standard Bearers & 1 Drummer


£12.00 / pack(s)

Early 4 Equid Battle-Wagon I

Product no.: EMB33

4 Equid Battle-Wagon with Driver, Javelinman and optional Commander
£15.00 / pack(s)

Early 4 Equid Platform Cart I

Product no.: EMB35

4 Equid early Platform Cart with Javelinman and alternative Commander
£15.00 / pack(s)

Levy Javelinmen I

Product no.: EMB01

8 Levy or Nomadic un-shielded Javelinmen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Javelinmen II

Product no.: EMB03

8 Levy or Nomadic un-shielded Javelinmen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Archers I

Product no.: EMB02

8 Levy or Nomadic Archers with simple stave bow
£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Archers II

Product no.: EMB04

8 Levy or Nomadic Archers with simple stave bow


£12.00 / pack(s)

Amorite Levy Infantry I

Product no.: EMB08

8 City-State or Nomadic Levy Infantry with Mixed weapons & Amorite Shield


£12.00 / pack(s)

Amorite Levy Infantry II

Product no.: EMB09

8 City-State or Nomadic Levy Infantry with Mixed weapons & Amorite Shield


£12.00 / pack(s)

Amorite Levy Infantry III

Product no.: EMB10

8 City-State or Nomadic Levy Infantry with Mixed weapons & Amorite Shield.

£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Levy Slingers

Product no.: EMB05

8 Levy or Nomadic Slingers
£12.00 / pack(s)

Sumerian or early Syrian Guard

Product no.: BAL03

6 packs of Sumerian or early Syrian Household Archers (3 packs) and Axemen (3 packs)
£60.00 / pack(s)

Early Levy Skirmishers

Product no.: BAL06

6 packs of Early Levy Skirmishers (16 Javelinmen, 16 Archers, 16 Slingers)
£60.00 / pack(s)

Early City-State Spearmen

Product no.: BAL12

6 packs of Early City-State Spearmen with front rank shields and rear rank shieldless
£60.00 / pack(s)