Amorite Kingdoms

Amorite Kingdoms

Amorite Kingdoms

The Amorite or Martu nomadic tribes from Syria and Arabian desert had been raiding and infiltrating the Kingdoms of Mesopotamia since the end of the Early Bronze Age. By the last days of the Neo-Sumerian Empire, immigrating Amorites had become such a force, that Kings such as Shu-Sin were obliged to build a 170 mile wall between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers to keep them at bay. As the structure of the Neo-Sumerian Empire collapsed the outlying regions such as Subartu (Assyria) in the north and the city-states in the south, such as Isin, Larsa and Eshnunna, began to re-assert themselves.

In the south-east, the Elamites were also attacking and weakening the empire; in areas where Amorites resided the Amorite Chieftans saw their chance to aggressively seize power, and although there was no actual large scale invasion of southern Mesopotamia, leaders with Amorite names assumed power in such cities as Isin, Larsa and Eshnunna.

At the start of the Middle Bronze Age, in c. 2004 BCE, the Elamites finally sacked Ur and brought down the Neo-Sumerian Empire. The Akkadian speaking Old Assyrian Empire was also established at this time and initially they repelled Amorite incursions into northern Mesopotamia and prevented them overwhelming other Akkadian speaking city-states.

However in c.1894 BCE, a previously unimportant and small city, Babylon, became the centre of the first Dynasty of Babylon under its founding Amorite King, Sumuabum. Likewise, in c.1809 BCE the native Old Assyrian ruler was deposed by an Amorite, Shamshi-Adad I. The Middle Bronze Age in Mesopotamia is known as the era of the "Amorite Kingdoms" and they arose in cities such as Mari, Qatna, Yamkhad, Isin, Larsa and in Babylon, where in the 18th century BCE, Hammurabi came to power and he conquered the whole of Mesopotamia including the Assyria in the north. The south of Mesopotamia now became known as Babylonia. 

Shown above is the upper part of the stele of Hammurabi's Code of Laws.

By the end of the Middle Bronze Age, Amorite control began to wain and in c.1595 BCE the Early Hittite Kingdom sacked Babylon, bringing the Amorite period to an end. The Kassites from the Zagros mountains then filled the vacuum and established their own dynasty in Babylonia while in the north the native Middle Kingdom of Assyria was established in the Late Bronze Age.

This range of figures is designed for building the core regular troops and settled urban militia or levy of the Amorite City-States. These include Hammurabi's Old Babylonian Kingdom, Shamsi-Adad's Old Assyrian Kingdom and Rim-Sin of Larsa in Mesopotamia. Those in Syria include the armies of Zimri-Lim of Mari, and those of Yamhad (Aleppo), Qatna and Ugarit. 

Dress and weapons would have been fairly standard between all the City-States of the time and it is unlikely that there was any standard uniform; though regular troops would probably have been equipped with helmets, some light armour and heavier axes.

In the latter part of the Middle Bronze Age, 2-horse chariots made their first appearance on the battlefield but their role at this early time would have been limited.


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Medium Retainer Infantry

Product no.: EMB07

8 Shock Infantry with Axe, Light Spear or Javelin and Amorite Shield
£12.00 / pack(s)

Later City-State Spearmen with Amorite Shield

Product no.: EMB31

8 Neo-Sumerian or Amorite Spearmen with Amorite shield
£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Medium Archers

Product no.: EMB06

8 Regular or Militia Medium Archers


£12.00 / pack(s)

Amorite Levy Infantry I

Product no.: EMB08

8 City-State or Nomadic Levy Infantry with Mixed weapons & Amorite Shield


£12.00 / pack(s)

Amorite Levy Infantry II

Product no.: EMB09

8 City-State or Nomadic Levy Infantry with Mixed weapons & Amorite Shield


£12.00 / pack(s)

Amorite Levy Infantry III

Product no.: EMB10

8 City-State or Nomadic Levy Infantry with Mixed weapons & Amorite Shield.

£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Levy Javelinmen I

Product no.: EMB01

8 Levy or Nomadic un-shielded Javelinmen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Javelinmen II

Product no.: EMB03

8 Levy or Nomadic un-shielded Javelinmen
£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Archers I

Product no.: EMB02

8 Levy or Nomadic Archers with simple stave bow
£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Archers II

Product no.: EMB04

8 Levy or Nomadic Archers with simple stave bow


£12.00 / pack(s)

Levy Slingers

Product no.: EMB05

8 Levy or Nomadic Slingers
£12.00 / pack(s)

Later Household Archers

Product no.: EMB13

8 Household or Royal Guard Archers

£12.00 / pack(s)
In stock

Early/Middle Bronze Command

Product no.: EMB11

5 Foot Commanders, 2 Standard Bearers & 1Trumpeter

£12.00 / pack(s)

Later 4 Equid Platform Cart

Product no.: EMB41

Later 4-Equid Platform Cart with Javelinman and alternative Commander
£15.00 / pack(s)

2-Horse Proto-Chariot

Product no.: EMB42

Proto-Chariot pulled by 2 Horses with Javelinman and alternative Commander


£12.00 / pack(s)

Middle Bronze 2-Horse Chariot I

Product no.: EMB37

Early 2-horse, 2-crew Chariot with Driver, Archer and optional Commander.


£12.00 / pack(s)

Middle Bronze 2-Horse Chariot II

Product no.: EMB38

Early 2-horse, 2-crew Chariot with Driver, Archer and optional Commander


£12.00 / pack(s)

Middle Bronze 2-Horse Chariot III

Product no.: EMB39

Early 2-horse, 2-crew Chariot with Driver, Archer and optional Commander


£12.00 / pack(s)

Army - Later Amorite Kingdoms

Product no.: ARM01

Army deal for the later Amorite Kingdoms (early Babylonian and early Assyrian) (32 packs)

£299.00 / pack(s)

Later Amorite Retainer Infantry

Product no.: BAL01

Multi-Pack (8 packs) of Amorite Infantry for later Amorite or early Hyksos armies.

£75.00 / pack(s)

Middle Bronze 2-Horse Chariots

Product no.: BAL02

6 packs of Middle Bronze Age 2-Horse Chariots for early Hyksos, Amorite Kingdoms, Sumerian Successor States, later Highlander or early Elamite armies.

£60.00 / pack(s)

Levy Skirmishers

Product no.: BAL05

6 packs of Levy Skirmishers (16 Javelinmen, 16 Archers, 16 Slingers)
£60.00 / pack(s)